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Macrophytes are aquatic plants that are large enough to be apparent to the naked eye; in other words, they are larger than most algae.

Note: Large algae such as Nitella and Chara are also included in the category of aquatic macrophytes by scientists.

There are 3 types:

  • Submersed - The plants grow 100% below the surface of the water.
  • Emersed - The plants are rooted in the substrate and protrude up above the water's surface.
  • Floating - The plants have leaves that float on the water's surface.

See Microphytes.