Needlefish (Xenentodon cancila)

From The Aquarium Wiki
Revision as of 03:00, 13 December 2017 by PsiPro (talk | contribs)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search


Xenentodon cancila3453.JPG

Xenentodon cancila

284 Litres (75 US G.)

35.1-39.9cm (13.8-15.7 ")


1 - 1.015


7.0 - 7.5

22 -28 °C (71.6-82.4°F)

15-20 °d

1:1 M:F

Live Foods
Other (See article)

3-5 years



Additional names

Needlefish, Long-Nose Gar, Freshwater Garfish, Needle-Nose Gar

Additional scientific names

Esox cancila, Belone graii, Esox indica, Esox hindostanicus, Belone cancila, Xenenthodon cancila


Asia: Sri Lanka and India eastward to the Mekong.


It is possible, though highly unlikely and rare, to breed and raise Needle Nose Gars in captivity. Visually sexing these fish, however, is difficult.

Tank compatibility[edit]

A semi-aggressive hunter, must only be kept with other semi-aggressive fish, peaceful, or aggressive of similar size, preferably larger, but peaceful and robust, bottom dwellers only.


Prefers live food, fish or crustaceans. Can be a fussy eater, and can bite hands that are feeding it!

Feeding regime[edit]

Once or twice a day.

Environment specifics[edit]

Needs a spacious, long tank with minimal décor, so as not to injure itself if frightened. Needs a secure, heavy, tight fitting lid as this fish can jump.


It is an aggressive fish with sharp teeth. It will bite the hand that feeds it, and it will hurt! This fish can turn with great speed and is known for leaping from the water.


It has a very elongated, slender, silvery body with a dark edged silver band running horizontally down its side. It has a very slender, long mouth lined with razor-sharp teeth.


External links[edit]