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Damselfish belong to the family Pomacentridae. This medium-sized family has around 360 species including the ever-popular Clownfish. They are primarily marine, with a few species found in freshwater and brackish environments. They are noted for their hardy constitutions and territoriality. Many are brightly coloured, so they are popular in aquaria.
Pomacentrids are found primarily in tropical seas, with a few species occurring in temperate waters (e.g. Hypsypops rubicundus). Most species are found on or near coral reefs in the Indo-West Pacific (from East Africa to Polynesia), with the area from the Philippines to Australia having the greatest concentration of species.
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- Latin names are listed below, for common names click here.