Orangespine Unicornfish (Naso lituratus)

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Orangespine Unicornfish

Orangespineunicornfish.jpg
Orangespine Unicornfish

Naso lituratus

Challenging

sg

1.020 - 1.025

pH

8.1 - 8.4

[[Minimum temperature::72 °TEMPLATE:UNITS-TEMP| ]] [[Maximum temperature::78 °TEMPLATE:UNITS-TEMP| ]]

8-12 °d

1:1 M:F

Herbivore
Other (See article)

8-15 years

Family

Acanthuridae



[[Category:]]

Additional names

Orangespine Unicornfish, Lipstick Tang, Naso Tang, Clown Surgeonfish, Liturate Surgeonfish, Masked Unicornfish

Additional scientific names

Acanthurus lituratus, Callicanthus lituratus, Aspisurus carolinarum


Origin

Pacific Ocean: Honshu, Japan south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia and east to the Hawaiian Islands, French Polynesia, and Pitcairn.
Eastern Pacific: Clipperton Island, Indo-Pacific species, Indian Ocean.

Sexing

The male has more dramatic finnage with long, streamer-like pennants that extend off the top and bottom tips of the caudal.

Tank compatibility

Does best in a large tank with other non-aggressive fish. Reef safe.

Diet

Will graze on algae, preferring red and brown algae, and will also accept vegetarian foods such as spirulina as well mysis shrimp.

Feeding regime

Feed once or twice a day, will graze the tank throughout the day.

Environment Specifics

These are large active fish preferring a spacious tank with lots of open swimming space. A salinity level of 1.023-1.027 is preferred.

Behaviour

An active peaceful grazing fish.

Identification

Similar to Naso elegans. The N.lituratus has a tall and oval-shaped body with a perfect triangle for a caudal fin. The base colour of the fish is beige with a black forehead and eyes. The dorsal and anal fins are black and dark yellow respectively. Its common name refers to the red around the lips. The other common name of "Unicorn" derives from the "horn" that some specimens develop on their foreheads.
The Naso has two very sharp, razor-like caudal spines on each side of the tail that are surrounded by a bright orange area, so extreme care should be used when handling this fish.

Pictures

External links