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The gouramis or gouramies are a family, Osphronemidae, of freshwater perciform fishes. The fish are native to Asia, from Pakistan and India to the Malay Archipelago and north-easterly towards Korea.

Many gouramies have an elongated ray at the front of their pelvic fins. Many species show parental care: some are mouthbrooders, and others, like the Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens), build bubble nests. Currently, about 90 species are recognised, placed in 4 subfamilies and about 13 genera.

The name Polyacanthidae has also been used for this family. Some fish now classified as gouramies were previously placed in family Anabantidae. The subfamily Belontiinae was recently demoted from the family Belontiidae. As labyrinth fish, gouramis have a lung-like labyrinth organ that allows them to gulp air and use atmospheric oxygen. This organ is a vital innovation for fishes that often inhabit warm, shallow, oxygen-poor water.

Common Name Species Name Image Difficulty Maximum Size Tank Size
Banded Gourami Colisa fasciata No Image.png Moderate 5 in 20 gal
Brown Spike-Tailed Paradise Fish Pseudosphromenus dayi No Image.png Moderate 7.5 cm 15 gal
Chinese Paradise Fish Macropodus ocellatus Macropodus ocellatus.png Moderate 8 cm 20 gal
Chocolate Gourami Sphaerichthys osphromenoides Chocolategourami-7524.jpg Moderate 6 cm 10 gal
Combtail Belontia signata Belontia signata.png Moderate 5 in 30 gal
Croaking Gourami Trichopsis vittata Trichopsis vittata LCK 8707.JPG Moderate 7 cm 15 gal
Dwarf Gourami Trichogaster lalius Colisa lalia1.jpg Easy 2.5 in 15 gal
Elephant Ear Gourami Osphronemus exodon No Image.png Difficult 25 in 450 gal
Frail Gourami Ctenops nobilis Ctenops nobilis45.jpg Challenging 10 cm 30 gal
Giant Gourami Osphronemus goramy Osphronemus goramy-53428.jpg Challenging 70 cm 350 gal
Giant Red Tail Gourami Osphronemus laticlavius Osphronemidae - Osphronemus laticlavius.JPG Challenging 50 cm 150 gal
Honey Gourami Colisa chuna Colisa chuna.jpg Easy 7 cm 10 gal
Lace Gourami Trichogaster leeri Trichogaster Leeri-45289.jpg Moderate 12 cm 15 gal
Licorice Gourami Parosphromenus deissneri No Image.png Difficult 5 cm 5 gal
Malay Combtail Belontia hasselti No Image.png Moderate 20 cm 55 gal
Moonlight Gourami Trichogaster microlepis Moonlight gourami.jpg Moderate 6 in 35 gal
Opaline Gourami Trichogaster trichopterus BlueGourami-6980.jpg Moderate 15 cm 20 gal
Paradise Fish Macropodus opercularis Paradisefish.jpg Very Easy 10 cm 20 gal
Pikehead Luciocephalus aura Luciocephalus aura.jpg Moderate 4 in 35 gal
Pikehead Luciocephalus pulcher No Image.png Challenging 8 in 45 gal
Pink Kissing Gourami Helostoma temminckii Kissinggourami-1379.jpg Easy 12 in 75 gal
Samurai Gourami Sphaerichthys vaillanti Sphaerichthys vaillanti5672.jpg Challenging 4 cm 15 gal
Snakeskin Gourami Trichogaster pectoralis No Image.png Moderate 30 cm 30 gal
Sparkling Gourami Trichopsis pumila Pygmy gorami.jpg Easy 1 in 10 gal
Spike-Tailed Paradise Fish Pseudosphromenus cupanus No Image.png Moderate 8 cm 15 gal
Spotted Gourami Malpulutta kretseri Malpulutta kretseri.jpg Moderate 4 cm 15 gal
Thick-Lipped Gourami Colisa labiosus Colisa labiosus.jpg Moderate 4 in 20 gal
Threestripe Gourami Trichopsis schalleri Trichopsis schalleri.jpg Moderate 5 cm 10 gal

Media in category "Gourami"

The following 2 files are in this category, out of 2 total.