Category:Surgeonfish

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Catalert.png Please copy and paste ' [[Category:Surgeonfish]] ' into the end of your article to include it in this category.

Surgeonfish, Tangs and Unicornfish belong to the family Acanthuridae. The family includes about 80 species in six genera, all of which are marine fish living in tropical seas, usually around coral reefs. Many of the species are brightly coloured and extremely popular for aquaria.

The distinctive characteristic of the family is the spines, one or more on either side of the tail, which are dangerously sharp. Both the dorsal and anal fins are large, extending for most of the length of the body. The small mouths have a single row of teeth used for grazing on algae.

They got the name "Surgeonfish" from the aforementioned caudal peduncle spine, which resembles the shape of a surgeon's scalpel. The name "Tang" originates from the German word "Seetang", or seaweed, referring to these fish's vegetarian diet.

  • Latin names are listed below, for common names click here.


Common Name Species Name Image Difficulty Maximum Size Tank Size
Achilles Surgeonfish Acanthurus achilles Acanthurus achilles1.jpg Difficult 8 in 75 gal
Atlantic Blue Tang Acanthurus coeruleus Acanthurus coeruleus.jpg Challenging 10 in 100 gal
Black Longnose Tang Zebrasoma rostratum No Image.png Moderate 9 in 180 gal
Black-Spot Surgeonfish Acanthurus bariene Acanthurus bariene2342.jpg Moderate 50 cm 200 gal
Blochii Tang Acanthurus blochii Acanthurus blochii38576.jpg Moderate 45 cm 150 gal
Blonde Orangespine Unicornfish Naso elegans Blondeorangespine.jpg Challenging 46 cm 150 gal
Brown Surgeonfish Acanthurus nigrofuscus Acanthurus nigrofuscust5467.jpg Moderate 8 in 50 gal
Chevron Tang Ctenochaetus hawaiiensis Ctenochaetus hawaiiensis59276.jpg Moderate 12 in 75 gal
Chocolate Surgeonfish Acanthurus pyroferus Acanthurus pyroferus4537.jpg Challenging 8 in 75 gal
Convict Tang Acanthurus triostegus Acanthurus triostegus.jpg Moderate 8 in 75 gal
Epaulette Surgeonfish Acanthurus nigricauda No Image.png Moderate 15 in 250 gal
Eyestripe Surgeonfish Acanthurus dussumieri Acanthurus dussumieri2342.jpg Moderate 54 cm 150 gal
Fowleri Tang Acanthurus fowleri Acanthurus fowleri3453.jpg Moderate 54 cm 150 gal
Japan Surgeonfish Acanthurus japonicus Acanthurus japonicus453.jpg Challenging 8 in 75 gal
Lined Surgeonfish Acanthurus lineatus Acanthurus lineatus-8171.jpg Challenging 38 cm 100 gal
Mimic Half Black Tang Acanthurus chronixis No Image.png Moderate 10 in 125 gal
Mustard Tang Acanthurus guttatus No Image.png Moderate 30 cm 250 gal
Orangespine Unicornfish Naso lituratus Orangespineunicornfish.jpg Challenging 46 cm 250 gal
Orangespot Surgeonfish Acanthurus olivaceus Orangespotsurgeonfish2.jpg Challenging 35 cm 200 gal
Powder Blue Tang Acanthurus leucosternon Powderbluetang.jpg Moderate 54 cm 100 gal
Razor Surgeonfish Prionurus laticlavius No Image.png Easy 23 in 70 gal
Regal Tang Paracanthurus hepatus Regaltang1-5107.jpg Moderate 12 in 75 gal
Sailfin Desjardinii Tang Zebrasoma desjardinii Zebrasoma desjardinii 0001.jpg Challenging 16 in 140 gal
Sailfin Tang Zebrasoma velifer Sailfintang1.jpg Challenging 40 cm 100 gal
Scopas Tang Zebrasoma scopas Zebrasoma scopas4564.jpg Challenging 12 in 100 gal
Sohal Tang Acanthurus sohal Acanthurus sohal3453.jpg Challenging 40 cm 150 gal
Spotted Surgeonfish Ctenochaetus strigosus Ctenochaetus strigosus345.jpg Moderate 14.6 cm 65 gal
Squaretail Bristletooth Tang Ctenochaetus truncatus No Image.png Moderate 6.5 in 70 gal
Thompson's Surgeonfish Acanthurus thompsoni No Image.png Moderate 11 in 250 gal
Tomini Surgeonfish Ctenochaetus tominiensis Ctenochaetus tominiensis4537.jpg Challenging 8 in 75 gal
Two Spot Bristletooth Tang Ctenochaetus binotatus No Image.png Moderate 8 in 70 gal
Unicorn Surgeonfish Naso unicornis Naso unicornis5345.jpg Challenging 24 in 300 gal
Vlamingii Tang Naso vlamingii Naso vlamingii-5018.jpg Challenging 24 in 300 gal
White Tail Bristletooth Tang Ctenochaetus flavicauda No Image.png Moderate 6.5 in 70 gal
Whitemargin Unicornfish Naso annulatus Naso annulatuse4rw.jpg Challenging 40 in 200 gal
Yellow Tang Zebrasoma flavescens Yellow Tang.jpg Moderate 8 in 75 gal
Yellowfin Tang Acanthurus xanthopterus No Image.png Moderate 20 in 350 gal
Yellowtail Surgeonfish Prionurus punctatus No Image.png Easy 23 in 70 gal
Yellowtail Tang Zebrasoma xanthurum Zebrasoma xanthurum45345.jpg Challenging 10 in 100 gal